unique_all

unique_all(x: array, /) Tuple[array, array, array, array]

Returns the unique elements of an input array x, the first occurring indices for each unique element in x, the indices from the set of unique elements that reconstruct x, and the corresponding counts for each unique element in x.

Data-dependent output shape

The shapes of two of the output arrays for this function depend on the data values in the input array; hence, array libraries which build computation graphs (e.g., JAX, Dask, etc.) may find this function difficult to implement without knowing array values. Accordingly, such libraries may choose to omit this function. See Data-dependent output shapes section for more details.

Note

Uniqueness should be determined based on value equality (i.e., x_i == x_j). For input arrays having floating-point data types, value-based equality implies the following behavior.

  • As nan values compare as False, nan values should be considered distinct.

  • As -0 and +0 compare as True, signed zeros should not be considered distinct, and the corresponding unique element will be implementation-dependent (e.g., an implementation could choose to return -0 if -0 occurs before +0).

As signed zeros are not distinct, using inverse_indices to reconstruct the input array is not guaranteed to return an array having the exact same values.

Each nan value should have a count of one, while the counts for signed zeros should be aggregated as a single count.

Parameters

x (array) – input array. If x has more than one dimension, the function must flatten x and return the unique elements of the flattened array.

Returns

out (Tuple[array, array, array, array]) – a namedtuple (values, indices, inverse_indices, counts) whose

  • first element must have the field name values and must be an array containing the unique elements of x. The array must have the same data type as x.

  • second element must have the field name indices and must be an array containing the indices (first occurrences) of x that result in values. The array must have the same shape as values and must have the default array index data type.

  • third element must have the field name inverse_indices and must be an array containing the indices of values that reconstruct x. The array must have the same shape as x and must have the default array index data type.

  • fourth element must have the field name counts and must be an array containing the number of times each unique element occurs in x. The returned array must have same shape as values and must have the default array index data type.

Note

The order of unique elements is not specified and may vary between implementations.